The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supply much of the food and food energy consumed by the world population. Only subsistence farmers, those who survive on what they grow, can be considered outside of the scope of the modern food industry.
The food industry includes:
Regulation: local, regional, national, and international rules and regulations for food production and sale, including food quality, food safety, marketing/advertising, and industry lobbying activities
Education: academic, consultancy, vocational
Research and development: food technology
Financial services: credit, insurance
Manufacturing: agrichemicals, agricultural construction, farm machinery and supplies, seed, etc.
Agriculture: raising of crops and livestock, and seafood
Food processing: preparation of fresh products for market, and manufacture of prepared food products
Marketing: promotion of generic products (e.g., milk board), new products, advertising, marketing campaigns, packaging, public relations, etc.
Wholesale and distribution: logistics, transportation, warehousing